Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric Vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular nationwide. When searching for an EV, there are several choices available. Below, we've outlined some of the most common types.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

BEVs are the most commonly known type of EV. These vehicles run entirely on electricity and do not use gasoline engines. The energy used to power the vehicle comes from rechargeable battery packs. BEVs are considered zero-emission vehicles as they do not emit harmful pollutants like traditional gas-powered vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

HEVs use both gas-powered engines and electric motors. Regenerative braking allows the battery to recharge while braking. In traditional gas-powered vehicles, this braking energy is lost as heat in the brake pads and rotors. However, in a hybrid, the energy is redirected to help the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

PHEVs also use both gas-powered engines and electric motors, but they have larger batteries than traditional hybrids. PHEVs can recharge their batteries partially through regenerative braking and can also be plugged into a grid to recharge. They can travel several dozen miles before the gas engine kicks in. Once the all-electric range is depleted, PHEVs operate like regular hybrids and can travel on a tank of gasoline.